Victimization, Citizen Engagement, and Policing in Lahore
The main objective of this report is to provide evidence about victimization and the costs associated with the criminal justice system that are borne by citizens of Lahore. We also review secondary evidence on the effectiveness of the criminal justice system. This analysis is important because the Government of Punjab is in the process of scaling-up a number of ambitious measures to increase the efficiency of the system and reduce its costs for victims of crime that include: the computerized complaint handling system, the automated police station record management system, the automated beat book management system, an integrated call-for-service system, a smart phone-based crime mapping app and citizen feedback mechanisms.
The current report presents rigorous and original evidence on the incidence and pattern of victimization and public safety, the costs associated with victimization, the place-based correlates of victimization and the challenges and costs of mediating the criminal justice system for victims. The report compares the victimization rate in Lahore with rates in other global cities for which similar data is available.
It is the first report to undertake an analysis of place-based correlates of victimization in Pakistan. We focus on the role of place as the recent literature in criminology suggests that place is a fundamental context that has widespread effects on crime and citizen perceptions of public safety (Sampson 2013, Sampson and Stephen 1999). We also provide evidence on how this context is impacting citizen trust in the police, its legitimacy as an institution and the willingness of the citizenry to cooperate with it.
The report analyzes the issue of public safety by examining the everyday lives of citizens. As a result, it emphasizes types of victimization confronted by citizens in their daily lives and under-emphasizes issues of terrorism and violent threats to security. It is important to point out that a comprehensive public safety strategy needs to address both sets of issues. While there is a growing corpus of work on terrorism and extremism, there is little research on the public safety challenges that affect the everyday life of citizens. This report attempts to fill this gap.Downloadable PDF