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Public Private Partnerships in Education: Evidence from Pakistan

Given the educational challenge faced by Pakistan, it seems worthwhile to examine the effectiveness of EPPPs as one of the policy options available to the federal and provincial governments with a potential to contribute towards the objectives of universal access and quality. Within this broader agenda, IDEAS and I-SAPS (funded by Ilm Ideas) are working to understand the current state of knowledge of Partnerships for Management (PfM); the policy structure that frames partnerships, the way forward for these mechanisms, and the factors that inhibit their operation.

This report sets out the main issues relating to the prevailing policy deficit on the subject of PPPs, specifically PfMs. It underscores the urgent need for deepening the dialogue on PfMs and their potential role in developing the capacity of the State for meaningful, widely accessible, and scalable education provision. Finally, it seeks to provide a broad policy framework for the institutional reform of PfMs. The objectives of this framework are two-fold: to bring the State back into the processes of education reform and provision on the one hand, and to create demand and generate positive incentives for civil society actors to invest their capacities, know-how and resources, and to expand their involvement, in public schools on the other.


Public Private Partnerships in Education: Evidence from Punjab and Sindh
Report | Rabea Malik, Faisal Bari, Irfan Muzaffar, Taha Mashhood, Maham Manzoor and Abuzar Ali
Partnerships for Management (PfM) in education are a kind of Private-Public Partnership (PPP) in which the public sector contracts non-state actors to operate public schools. The school remains publicly funded, but administration, curriculums, teacher training and infrastructure are managed by a private sector organization. This study measures the quality of schools in Sindh in Punjab that were “adopted” by PfMs, and finds that multiple indicators of school quality including learning outcomes, enrollment and quality of facilities improved.

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Partnerships for Management as the Way Forward for Education in Pakistan
Policy Note | Rabea Malik and Maryam Khan
Based on the results of the study, “Partnerships for Management in Education: Evidence from Punjab and Sindh”, this policy note discusses the advantages of using Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs) in education in the context of policy reform and strengthening civil society. It identifies the key features of Partnerships for Management (PfMs) in education, and lays out priorities for future policymaking.
Read the policy note