Since the early 1990s, crime in urban Punjab has significantly outpaced crime in rural areas. During this period, crime in districts such as Faisalabad and Lahore has grown 3% and 4.5% faster than Punjab's rural districts. What is driving this rural-urban divergence in crime? Drawing from police case registries and an original crime victimization survey, IDEAS found that increasing property crimes - theft, extortion, dacoity - are key. The study identifies factors exacerbating the problem: policing institutions that have not adapted to urbanization, the inability of cities to create youth unemployment, poor information on suspects due to anonymity in the city, and low citizen trust in the police among other factors. Based on this evidence, the study outlines priorities for strengthening policing institutions to improve public safety.
Safeguarding Pakistanis: Punjab's Crime Problem, its Pathology and Priority for Action
Working Paper | Authors: Ali Cheema, Zulfiqar Hameed (Police Service of Pakistan) and Muhammad Farooq Naseer | November 2017
This paper analyzes crime trends in Punjab, the drivers of growing crime in urbanized areas, factors that distinguish urban crime, structural problems in policing, and priorities for policy reform. It draws from police case registries from 1991 to 2015 and an original survey of victimization in Lahore.
Read the working paper
Serving and Protecting? Victimization, Citizen Engagement and Policing in Lahore
Policy Note | Authors: Ali Cheema, Jacob N. Shapiro and Zulfiqar Hameed (Police Service of Pakistan) | November 2017
This study focuses on crime trends, policing, and citizen perceptions of the police in Lahore, Punjab's rapidly growing capital. It offers detailed implications for improving the effectiveness of policing in Lahore.
Read the full report
Read the policy note